Let’s cut to the chase, Urinary Candidiasis or Candiduria is probably one of the most prevalent and (if not) unwanted and embarrassing forms of Candida infection. It’s uncomfortable, hard to discuss and overall one of the most painful form of infections to deal with. Unfortunately, as much as it is unwanted it is also one of the more challenging forms of Candida infections to treat. This is primarily due to the nature of Candiduria and its ability to either be insignificant and benign or it can be a marker for a very serious infection that could be a precursor for a more serious disease. Regardless, that doesn’t mean you should lose hope. In between these two extremes there are important clinical methods to manage your Candida infection and the faster you identify your infection the easier to obtain specific treatment.
The cause for Candiduria is rather numerous. It can occur in both men and women firstly and the usually causation factor stems from some type of contamination in the genitalia. That being said, infection or contamination can occur on the external genitalia, the urethra, bladder, prostate, or your upper urinary tract.
As always, the first step in treating Candiduria is prevention. While it can be hard to fathom preventing contamination internally, there are very easy self-care measures to follow to help alleviate the possibility of Candiduria. First and foremost is to practice good hygiene in your genital area. For women, use very neutral soap as to not disturb the pH balance of your vagina. An imbalance in pH can easily lead to contamination and infection. On that note, women should also avoid using douches or any other vaginal cleaning substance unless absolutely recommended by your doctor. Men who are uncircumcised must habitually remember to clean around and under the foreskin. Bacteria can accumulate in the area, travel through your urethra and lead to infection. For more internal self-care measures, considerations of your diet are important to take into account. Avoid foods that are highly processed, refined, high in sugar and high in starch. The aforementioned products are favorable foods for Candida and a large consumption of them can lead to Candida overgrowth. Practice a very conscience diet and infection can easily be avoided.
The steps for prevention should also be followed while you are infected and habitually for the rest of your life. Failure to do so will often lead to extreme cases of infection.
If prevention is not an option at this point and you are afflicted with Candiduria, it’s important to recognize the symptoms. According to oxfordjournals, it requires logical careful evaluation http://cid.oxfordjournals.org/content/52/suppl_6/S452.full. Candiduria is easily identified by the smell, temperature, and color of your urine. Urine very dark in color and sometimes mixed with blood is a clear sign of a urinary Candida infection. Your urine will also emit a very noticeable, foul smelling odor and upon release the urine will be sometimes painful and very warm. Some patients have also been diagnosed with pain in their bladder or general genital area and in some cases for those who have extreme cases of Candiduria they experience severe pain in their kidneys.
The objective is of course to avoid exacerbating your Candiduria and to ultimately get rid of it. Alongside following the self-care measures for maintaining a healthy and happy gential(s), there exists two treatment options for Candiduria.
The first is a prescription of Fluconazole, an antifungal drug that is commonly used in the treatment of fungal infections. Fluconazole will often be given in an oral form and is suggested to be used for at least 14 days.
The second method of treatment is Amphotericin B, an antifungal drug that is administered intravenously or through the usage of a bladder irrigation system. Typically, patients are given a specific solution amount and are required to use the irrigation system over a 24-48 hour period to help clean out your system and rid of the infection.